The ice is melting away in the Arctic regions, while precipitation is on the increase. The fresh water forms a lid over essential nutrients in key areas of the Arctic Ocean, and that can change marine life dramatically.
While the world’s political leaders have left the negotiating table again without an agreement to reduce greenhouse gases, the Arctic has greater problems than ever – 75 percent of the sea ice has disappeared.
The Arctic climate is entering a new state, say the scientists behind a new pan-Arctic report. But implementing the Paris Climate Agreement in full could stave off some of the biggest changes post 2050.