Around 45 per cent of the wood consumed in Oslo is burned in apartments. Thus, wood burning for residential heating, and the resulted particle emission, may have a much larger impact on air quality in Norwegian urban areas than previously thought.
Norwegian and Czech scientists are collaborating to get more people to stay in the countryside. That's why they organized courses for entrepreneurship. "It's all about 'forcing' people to see new opportunities," says one of the researchers.
During the Middle Ages, people were deeply concerned about the fate of bad criminals: Not only was it necessary to punish them on Earth, but every effort had to be made to make certain they went to Hell.
The Arctic climate is entering a new state, say the scientists behind a new pan-Arctic report. But implementing the Paris Climate Agreement in full could stave off some of the biggest changes post 2050.