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Biochemistry

Extreme bacteria can photosynthesise in near total darkness

New study explains how some bacteria manage to photosynthesise in very little light. The discovery could lead to improved solar cells.

Biofuel breakthrough: scientists use GMO yeast to produce fuel

Gene manipulated yeast cells makes biofuel production faster and cheaper. It's big, says scientist.

Cunning respiratory bacteria help each other survive

Swedish research reveals how bacteria supply each other with vital iron.

We'll eat trees in the future

The discovery of special enzymes may alter our diets – and the way we look at trees.

The body's beautiful jewels

They look like beautiful precious stones. In a crystallised form, proteins can provide invaluable contributions to cancer research and vaccine development.

World's toughest organisms live in northern seas

If you thought polar explorers were rugged outdoorsmen, then you haven’t met the small organisms that live on the seabed off Svalbard.

What works best for back pain?

Your back is robust and you should use it. This is the message that many back patients are hearing from their doctor today. But is that enough? Do they recover more quickly if they receive more treatment, like physical therapy?