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Arctic

When will the Arctic be ice free?

Sea ice is declining rapidly and the prospect of an ice-free Arctic is drawing ever closer. But when will it happen? We cut through the headlines to bring you the facts.

Arctic plants help cool the planet

GREENLAND: Global warming is making Arctic plants release compounds that might help cool the planet. But don’t expect it to outpace global warming.

Dark lords, werewolves and Indiana Jones in the polar night

The polar night descends on the arctic archipelago of Svalbard for more than 100 days a year. But even in the depths of this darkness, the oceans are churning with activity.

The ideal clothing for extremely low temperatures

If the Norwegian oil and gas industry is heading into the Arctic, it must be dressed for the occasion. This requires unique specialist technical expertise.

Keeping Arctic villages and infrastructure from falling into the sea

The Arctic is set to be a 21st century boomtown, as summer sea ice melts away, opening the area to increased trans-Arctic shipping and oil and gas development.

The spread of toxic mercury contamination is affecting the Arctic

The transport of environmental contaminants to the Arctic via water and air is a threat to nature. In the Arctic, methylmercury moves more effectively through the food chain than in more southerly waters.

Scientists discover mountains that haven’t changed in a million years.

Special ice layer protected Svalbard’s mountain ranges for at least one million years.

The Arctic is getting wetter

In the last few winters, the airport in Longyearbyen in Svalbard was often closed because of rain. One of the major issues climate researchers deal with is how precipitation changes as the temperatures are rising all over the Arctic.

Northern nature under stress

High northern latitudes are increasingly exposed to the combination of extreme winter climate and deposition of long-distance dispersed nitrogen pollution. These combined pressures may over time drive changes in plant composition and carbon uptake.

Marine technology for extreme conditions

Tomorrow’s maritime technology must be able to handle extreme conditions during Arctic and deep-water operations. A new research centre designed to develop these technologies holds promise for Norwegian industry.