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Archaeology

Ancient grain reveals the development of the earliest cities

How were the first cities established and how did they develop? The analysis of 8,000 years old grain from ancient Mesopotamia has some answers.

The enigma of early Norwegian iron production

Ancient Norwegians made top-quality iron. But where did the knowledge to make this iron come from? An NTNU professor emeritus may have solved this riddle.

Our controversial footprint discovery suggests human-like creatures may have roamed Crete nearly 6m years ago

The Trachilos tracksite deserves to be protected and the evidence should be debated by scientists.

Did Vikings really fight behind a shield wall?

It could all be a big misunderstanding, says archaeologist.

Archaeologists: Cities deserve better treatment

Urban archaeology is one of our best archives of the development of society and people. Until now it has been neglected but this can and must change, say two archaeologists.

Scandinavia’s oldest cup mark rock carvings discovered on Bornholm

Archaeologists have long suspected that Stone Age Scandinavians produced cup mark rock carvings, but until now they had no examples to prove it.

Rusty rivets reveal origin of Icelandic viking ships

Viking ships found in Iceland have decayed and often the only things remaining are the rivets. A group of scientists now believe we can learn a lot from the surviving pieces of iron and have brought them to Norway for examination.

Archaeologists finally know how old Denmark’s fifth Viking fortress is

A piece of well-preserved oak found close to the “Borgring” Viking fortress has provided a precise date for its earliest possible construction.

Wheel tracks discovered at Viking fortress in Denmark

Newly discovered wheel tracks by the Viking fortress “Borgring” is a rare witness to life in Denmark’s fifth Viking fortress. Archaeologists hope to learn more about the fortress when they know just how old the tracks are.

New discovery could rewrite Viking fortresses’ history

Pottery shards question conventional understanding of Denmark’s Viking ring fortresses.